When platelets fall below 150 * 10 9 / L, thrombocytopenia develops. If the decrease in platelets is insignificant and arose as a reaction to the negative impact of the disease, then diet and folk remedies in most cases can quickly improve the state of hematopoiesis and raise the level of blood platelets in the blood.
With severe thrombocytopenia, when the indicators fall below 50 * 10 9 / l, and the phenomenon itself is caused, for example, by chemotherapy or another serious reason, it will be possible to increase the analysis parameters with drugs.
When the decrease in platelets in the blood is less than 25-30 * 10 9 / l, transfusion of donor platelets to the patient helps to raise them. Injections of the hormone thrombopoietin, which is responsible for the production of platelets in the blood, and even partial removal of the spleen may be required to increase the number of blood platelets.
Dietary nutrition has a positive effect even with severe thrombocytopenia, with its help it is possible to increase platelets and maintain blood counts in a stable manner.
Nutrition for thrombocytopenia
It will be possible to increase the number of platelets using a diet and folk remedies even when they are low in the blood, if we compensate for the lack of nutrients in the body, such as vitamins C, K, B9, minerals calcium, iron, zinc.
The reason for the fall of platelets may be not only a lack of nutrients for the synthesis of new cells, but also a violation of the absorption of vitamins and minerals in the small intestine.
How to eliminate vitamin deficiency
Reducing platelets is caused by a lack of vitamin C. To fill the deficiency will help 300 - 400 g of fresh herbs and fruits daily. Quantitatively, this corresponds to two tangerines, an orange, two servings of a salad of tomatoes, cucumbers, greens.
Buckwheat, asparagus, spinach, green onions, tomatoes, beets, will help to increase the reserves of vitamin B9 in the body. Folic acid is a stimulant of thrombopoiesis - platelet production.
This vitamin is one of the most important for the production of new blood platelets. Just remember that folic acid is destroyed by heat treatment.
Vitamin K, known as anti-hemorrhagic, helps to increase platelet count in the blood. This compound is involved in blood coagulation; when it is deficient, prothrombin time is lengthened - an indicator of blood coagulation.
The antihemorrhagic vitamin is synthesized by the intestinal microflora, comes with food, but its absorption in the intestine may worsen due to inflammation of the gallbladder. On the dining table should be present cabbage, spinach, eggs, liver, broccoli, kelp and other products containing vitamin K.
How to make up for the lack of minerals
Platelet production requires calcium. This macronutrient is found in sufficient quantities in dairy products.
There are conflicting opinions about the use of dairy products to increase platelets in the blood during thrombocytopenia. There is evidence that dairy products can increase the speed of autoimmune processes. This means that with autoimmune thrombocytopenia, dairy products are used with caution.
For hematopoiesis, it is necessary to obtain iron in sufficient quantities with food. This mineral is found in meat, offal, dried mushrooms, pumpkin seeds, chicken yolk, brewer's yeast, cocoa.
Omega-3 acid, which is abundant in fatty fish, eggs, and linseed oil, must be present in the diet. But in this regard, it is important not to overdo it. Excess omega-3 prevents platelet aggregation (gluing), which increases bleeding and the risk of internal bleeding.
In the diet should be present products that increase platelets in the blood:
- rabbit meat, turkey, beef,
- offal - liver, kidney,
- white fish
- whole grain
- legumes - peanuts, beans,
- nuts - hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, pine nuts.
In the diet should be sources of vitamin C, which is a lot in leafy greens, fruits, vegetables. Useful carrots, green apples, lingonberries. Useful for raising platelets to drink green tea.
Eating 2 kiwi fruits daily will help increase the number of blood platelets in conditions such as anemia, infection, vitamin B deficiency.
When dengue fever, residents of Southeast Asia, Africa, affected by this viral disease, in order to increase platelets, resort to eating pitaya fruits.
What foods increase platelets in the blood and their use is harmless to health?
- Chokeberry berries are consumed daily for 3 weeks in an amount of 50 pieces.
- A mixture of lemon and honey strengthens blood vessels and positively affects blood formation in general, as it contains a large amount of vitamins C (lemon), fructose, as an energy supplier.
- You can drink pomegranate juice daily, and in order not to harm the stomach, it is diluted with water in a ratio of 2: 1.
What is excluded from the diet for thrombocytopenia
Completely excluded from the diet should be alcohol, carbonated drinks. They also limit the use of products that promote blood thinning.
Reduce the use of garlic, onions, cinnamon, ginger. It is advisable to reduce the consumption of animal fats, lard, smoked meats, fried foods.
With the use of meat should be more careful. Although meat is useful and helps increase platelets, it is often too much fat, as well as hormones and antibiotics that are added to animals to accelerate growth.
In the case of low platelets, a diagnosis of the digestive system should be done. In case of violation of the absorption processes in the intestine, the strictest dieting will be useless until digestion functions are restored.
Celiac disease, a disease expressed in hypersensitivity to gluten, is negatively affected by platelet production. This compound is found in wheat, rye, oats, barley.
If all products containing gluten are excluded from the diet during celiac disease, the number of platelets in the blood can be quickly increased without drugs or folk remedies, since absorption processes in the intestine are restored. Moreover, for patients with celiac disease this is true even in old age.
It should be limited in the diet of dark grapes, the use of tomatoes, blueberries. It is advisable to use vegetable oil only in cold pressed, and do not fry on it, but add to cooked dishes.
It is possible to increase platelets during treatment with a hormone that stimulates the synthesis of platelets, thrombopoietin. Thrombopoiesis stimulants include drugs Revoleid, Enplate.
According to the results of the examination, the doctor may prescribe drugs to increase platelet blood:
- Hormonal drugs - prednisone,
- Aminocaproic acid + Vikasol - complex therapy.
Vitamins and means that help strengthen immunity will help increase platelets:
- folic acid,
- ascorbic acid
Traditional medicine suggests using buckwheat flowers, rose hips, dandelion roots, St. John's wort, knotweed to increase platelets.
Treatment with folk remedies is long. It may take more than one month to increase platelets in the blood with the help of medicinal herbs. Treatment should be combined with diet.
Herbs, such as nettle, dog rose, verbena, yarrow, strawberry leaves, help to increase platelets. These herbs are conveniently brewed in a thermos.
For the preparation of infusion 3 tables. spoons of any of the herbs or a mixture of these plants are poured into a thermos, and then pour boiling water (0.5 l). After 30 minutes filter and drink half a glass 3 times a day. The duration of treatment is a week.
- Take 4.5 table. l chamomile flowers, 9 table. l peppermint and shepherd’s bags,
- to prepare a serving for 1 reception, it is enough to take 1 tablespoon. collection, pour boiling water, heat for 15 minutes in a water bath,
- drink 2 p. 1 glass per day.
Sesame oil is taken 1 teaspoon in the morning on an empty stomach and a spoon before each meal. Sesame oil can be added to salads.
The use of sesame seeds, which can be crushed and added to salads, main dishes, increases platelets in the blood.
It will be possible to increase the test results with the help of nettle preparations. Juice is squeezed from the leaves and stalks of young May nettle, decoctions and infusions are prepared.
In the pharmacy there is a sale of packaged dry nettles. It can be brewed, as written in the instructions, it will also help increase platelets.
For each reception, a fresh remedy from young nettle is prepared:
- squeeze 50 ml of juice
- add as much milk
- take for 2 weeks 3 times a day before meals on the table. spoon.
The medicine is prepared in the morning, drunk in 3 divided doses:
- in a thermos steamed with a glass of boiling water 10 g of dry nettle,
- insist 20 minutes
To increase the platelet count in the blood, it is most convenient to use popular products that are always at home in the kitchen, such as beets, lemon, pomegranate.
Squeeze the beet juice, add sugar to taste, take before meals. The course of treatment is several months. At one time, take 1 tables. a spoon.
- In the evening, boil 15 minutes 3 tables. lies. crude oats in 0.5 l of boiling water,
- kept in a warm place until morning,
- filter in the morning, drink during the day in several stages.
Papaya leaves contain substances that increase platelet levels in the blood. Fresh or dry leaves are boiled for 15 minutes, drink this infusion 2 r. in a day.
It will be possible to raise platelets faster if you follow the regime of work and rest, do not forget about physical activity, hardening and strengthening immunity. Any folk remedy is not used without the recommendation of a doctor, follow all the doctor’s prescriptions.
The danger of thrombocytopenia, especially at rates below 50 * 10 9 / l, is the risk of internal hemorrhage, injury with prolonged bleeding, which puts a ban on traumatic sports.
What causes a decrease in platelet count
With a decrease in the number of platelets in the blood below 150 × 10 9 units per liter of blood, a condition occurs, called “thrombocytopenia” in medicine. The life span of the shaped elements is eight days.
The bone marrow constantly replenishes their amount in the blood, compensating for the loss. If their number has fallen below normal, then this can occur either from their insufficiently rapid formation in the bone marrow, or from excessively rapid destruction, or from both of them.
Bone marrow synthesis of an insufficient number of formed elements is possible due to viral diseases, leukemia, chemotherapy, various types of poisoning. Blood platelets can be destroyed faster than the bone marrow has time to make up for losses, with diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and sepsis.
Their number is reduced as a result of taking sulfa drugs, anticonvulsants.
The number of blood platelets decreases with:
- long-term use of antiviral or anti-infectious drugs,
- drug poisoning,
- toxin poisoning
- pathological damage to the bone marrow,
- diseases associated with impaired immune system.
How to increase platelet count with medication?
You can increase platelets in the blood by various methods. One of them is the use of various medications. Medications to increase the number of uniform elements are prescribed by doctors in cases where the cause of relapse is known exactly. Then the appropriate drug and its dosage are prescribed.
To improve bone marrow function, hormonal agents are used: Prednisone or dexamethasone. After five to six days of admission, the patient takes blood for analysis, and if the number of uniform elements increases significantly, the dosage is reduced.
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Taking hormonal drugs, for example, prednisone tablets gives a stable positive effect during the first week of administration. To bring the blood back to normal, the doctor may prescribe hemostatic agents (sodium etamzilate, vicasol). These medications increase the rate of blood coagulation, but they do not affect the regeneration of shaped elements. On the basis of natural products, such an agent as codecor is made, which has a beneficial effect on the number of platelets.
After a course of chemotherapy, doctors can prescribe potent medications - Derinat and Thrombopoietin, which stimulate the generation of shaped elements in the bone marrow. Such treatment will be longer, and if necessary, the patient is prescribed a transfusion of platelet mass.
Alternative methods of increasing platelet count
Many patients who have had a reduced number of shaped elements prefer to use alternative methods to restore platelets in the blood. This method of treatment is longer than medication, but no less effective. For treatment, medicinal herbs are used, and during the course it is necessary to follow a certain diet. Such herbs will help raise the level of blood platelets:
- rose hip
- strawberry leaves
These herbs can be brewed in a thermos. Drink for a week.
In another case, chamomile flowers, peppermint and a shepherd’s bag are prepared in a water bath. You can take on an empty stomach every morning a teaspoon of sesame oil, and then - a spoon before meals. Nettle decoctions and infusions are also used. For this, leaves and stems of young nettles, usually appearing in May, are used.
How to quickly raise platelets in the blood?
This can be done:
- by taking medications, food additives,
- in a natural way by including in your diet a large number of varied plant foods.
In order to quickly increase the level of platelets in the blood, you can eat such fresh raw vegetables and fruits as:
- salad, parsley, sorrel and other greens,
- tomatoes and other healthy foods.
And here it is worth mentioning how to not eat, otherwise a rapid increase in platelet count will be in jeopardy. First of all, it will hurt:
- any sugar
- high-calorie foods
- fat meat.
You need to exclude these products until the result of your blood test is within the normal range.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
If eggs that are rich in Omega-3 are available to us daily, then flaxseed oil, tuna and salmon are not always possible to eat regularly. Therefore, it will be more correct and convenient to purchase a pharmacy drug with Omega-3 in the composition and to quickly raise platelets, take the drug every day, according to the instructions.
Vitamins and Minerals
You will need 1000 mg of vitamin C per day, this will greatly accelerate the production of the necessary blood bodies. Papaya leaves pounded in a mortar and cooked as a decoction will also help. But this can already be attributed to how to increase platelets with folk remedies.
A similar decoction can also be prepared from the following herbs:
- wild garlic and others.
Water to normalize platelet count
We all know about the need to use clean water in an amount of at least two liters per day. Therefore, in order for the blood composition to be within the normal range, you will need to drink warm or room temperature water. Thus, more cells lacking in blood will be formed.
Sleep and gymnastics
Needless to say, rest and sleep affect not only the composition of the blood, but also the health of the whole organism. Therefore, do not neglect the night's sleep, since without proper rest, all the recommendations presented by us can be powerless.
Regarding elementary physical exercises, this is training the cardiovascular system and normalizing blood circulation, as well as strengthening immunity.
If you lead a healthy lifestyle, do exercises and sleep enough, the question of how to quickly increase platelets in the blood does not even arise.
The only exceptions are hereditary or autoimmune diseases in which platelet levels can be normalized only with the help of medications.
Before taking medications and vitamins, you need to consult a doctor and agree with him the dose and time of admission. The doctor will prescribe you a second blood test and thus will be able to control how effective your treatment is.
How to increase the level of platelets in the blood quickly, you already know, but do not forget that the life of a platelet is no more than ten days. It follows that all of the above methods must be used for a sufficiently long time. But a healthy diet and lifestyle in general, it is better to make it a priority.
Proper platelet elevation
Каждому человеку известно, что тромбоциты, как и лейкоциты играют большую роль в нашем организме. How to increase platelets in the blood, read on in the article.
Platelet Rate in the Blood
Platelets are small, colorless bodies that circulate in large quantities in our blood. They are responsible for blood coagulation. There have been cases when people died from bleeding during bleeding. It is necessary to monitor the number of platelets. The norm is 180 - 320 thousand.
When do I need to increase platelets in my blood?
Most often, a drop in platelets occurs:
- during chemotherapy
- when taking certain medications (aspirin, antibiotics).
- wounds do not heal for a long time,
- bruises and bruises appear for no reason,
- bleeding does not stop for a long time.
How to increase platelets in the blood?
If you encounter such a problem, then ask yourself the question: how to increase platelets in the blood?
First, iron-rich foods must be included in the diet. They can also protect you from anemia. Such iron-containing products include:
- Meat. Include a little beef, liver, offal, chicken in your daily diet.
- To increase platelets in the blood, eat more cereals. It is good to eat boiled lentils, peas, beans.
- Do not give up green vegetables and fruits. Prepare salads from dandelion leaves, beets, parsley, spinach.
- Very useful to increase platelets in the blood, red fruits: pomegranate, apples, strawberries. You should pay attention to: cranberries, blueberries, persimmons.
How to increase folk remedies?
Alas, not a single person is protected from minor household injuries, cuts, abrasions or scratches. Sometimes it happens like this: the wound, it would seem, is trifling, but the blood still does not stop, and continues to go for quite a long time.
In this case, it makes sense to donate blood for a special analysis that will determine blood coagulation. This analysis is very important, because if the injury is more serious, then the help of a medical professional may be required to stop the blood flow.
Low blood coagulation is associated with thrombocytopenia - this is what is called an insufficient number of platelets in the blood.
What are platelets?
Platelets are special blood cells that are responsible for its coagulability, and also support all blood vessels in a normal state. Their role is very great, because all heart work and the general well-being of a person depend on healthy and clean vessels.
In addition, the coagulation function of platelets does not allow you to lose too much blood with minor injury. These blood cells are produced by the body in the bone marrow.
In the body of some people, the platelet production process slows down, and therefore thrombocytopenia occurs, that is, a lack of platelets in the blood, and therefore a significant loss of blood coagulation.
Why increase blood platelet count?
Because without this, any more or less severe injury can end up very badly, and a person can even die from blood loss.
Women suffering from thrombocytopenia are not allowed to become pregnant - because childbirth or termination of pregnancy is always associated with great blood loss, which in this case is deadly.
Even if injuries are avoided, you won’t be able to completely protect yourself - the vessels from platelet deficiency become fragile, any jolt can lead to damage.
How to increase after chemotherapy
There is no worse diagnosis for any person than oncology. Apathy immediately appears and he rarely starts to resist. During this period, the most important thing is the support of loved ones. And so, when the initial methods of struggle begin to be adopted, side effects may occur. They can occur in the form of low platelets in the blood after chemotherapy.
What is thrombocytopenia and how to deal with it
Since chemotherapy or radiation treatment actively fights clones of dividing cells, this method is the main one in the treatment of malignant disease.
It is these methods of struggle that can cause such a complication as thrombocytopenia. This is a process in which the platelet count in the blood is very much reduced.
Normally, the number of these cells is from 180 to 320 * 109 / L. A lack of platelets in the blood can lead to:
- decrease in blood coagulability,
- bleeding of varying degrees of complexity.
In the presence of such symptoms, chemotherapy courses may be reduced or even discontinued. This in turn can lead to the impossibility of prolonging treatment. The presence of bleeding along with infectious intoxication can lead to death in oncology.
Reducing platelets can lead to:
- viral infections
- some drugs
- autoimmune diseases
- septic conditions
- liver and spleen diseases.
Signs of low platelets:
Reducing platelets is fraught with dangerous consequences. Since these blood cells are responsible for vascular hemostasis, their deficiency can lead to bruising, bruising, and even severe life-threatening bleeding. An increase in the level of blood platelets above normal and blood clotting contributes to a high risk of thrombosis and a high likelihood of heart attack and stroke.
What are platelets?
Platelets are blood cells, colorless blood plates that provide a blood clot in a damaged vessel and prevent blood flow. Their normal content varies from 150,000 to 450,000 per milliliter cubic.
Epistaxis - a sign of thrombocytopenia
Reducing platelets contribute to:
- viral infections
- autoimmune diseases
- liver and spleen diseases,
- some medications
- septic conditions.
Lowering blood platelets below normal is called thrombocytopenia.
- bruises and bruises on the skin,
- mucosal bleeding,
- frequent nosebleeds
- gastrointestinal bleeding,
- severe bleeding even with minor wounds.
What to do with thrombocytopenia
Consider how to increase platelets without resorting to drugs.
First of all, you need to revise your diet and start consuming foods that increase blood coagulation and help raise platelets in the blood.
Products that positively affect thrombocytogenesis:
- liver, kidney, beef,
- buckwheat and beans
- walnuts and hazelnuts,
- dill and parsley,
- green tea,
- sea fish.
It is important that the nutrition is balanced and contains a sufficient amount of vitamins, minerals and building material for the proper functioning of both the hematopoietic system and the whole organism
When hemostatic functions are lowered, it is undesirable to consume blood-thinning products, as well as medications such as antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants.
Equally important is the correct mode, proper rest and sleep. It is necessary to avoid stress and hypothermia. Dosed physical activity and a sufficient stay in the pine forest at least several times a month, of course, contribute to an increase in platelet count.
You can increase the level of platelets and folk remedies. To stop the bleeding, our ancestors also used nettles. For a single dose, mix 5 milliliters of nettle juice and 50 milliliters of milk. Take orally before meals three times a day for two weeks. If the effect is negligible, then after a week you can repeat it.
Sesame, or rather, oil from it, has a good effect. Take one tablespoon on an empty stomach for several months.
Chemotherapy and its consequences
As they say, “one is cured, the other crippled”, but, unfortunately, sometimes the only effective way to stop the growth of tumor cells has an extremely negative effect on platelets. After chemotherapy, their level can decrease very significantly.
This requires additional serious medical intervention, up to a platelet transfusion, in order to quickly restore the body's ability to stop bleeding.
Also, people after chemotherapy who have low platelets should follow some rules:
High platelet count in the blood
- Avoid any injuries or cuts.
- take gastroprotectors to protect the gastric mucosa, for example, omeprazole or quamatel,
- do not use hard bristled toothbrushes and discard dental floss,
- very carefully clean the nasal passages,
- use only an electric razor for shaving,
- refuse to take aspirin and its preparations.
All of the above will help to avoid bleeding during the period when the number of hemostatic plates is much lower than normal.
In a situation where platelets are less than 25,000, an urgent platelet transfusion is necessary.
Drugs used for thrombocytopenia:
- hormonal drugs (dexamethasone, prednisone),
- Ethamsylate (Dicinon), a hemostatic drug that stimulates the formation of platelets,
- Vikasol and aminocaproic acid, used in the comprehensive prevention of bleeding,
- Sodecor - a herbal preparation containing herbal extracts that increase the number of hemostatic plates,
- Derinat - a synthetic preparation from salmon nucleic acids,
- Thrombopoietin is a potent drug that stimulates the formation of platelets in the liver.
In addition, if platelet reduction is not a consequence of chemotherapy, the root cause must be identified. The main treatment will depend on this. Indeed, in order to eliminate the problem, it is necessary to cure the underlying disease that led to it.
With significant thrombocytopenia, do not self-medicate in any case. Diet and folk remedies can not do here. You must seek qualified medical help to diagnose and prescribe the right treatment.
A decrease in platelet levels in the blood is called thrombocytopenia. Platelets perform a lot of functions in the human body, and the main among them is stopping bleeding. It is due to these cells that damage leads to the formation of a blood clot, which clogs the wounded vessel and eliminates blood loss.
Under normal conditions, the platelet count can vary significantly, but should not be less than 150 thousand / μl of blood and exceed 400 thousand / μl of blood. Quite often, thrombocytopenia occurs without any symptoms until the patient's condition is extremely aggravated.
In the initial stage, this disease can only be determined by analysis.
What causes a drop in platelet levels in the blood?
There are several reasons for a decrease in platelet count. As the main provocateurs of the disease, doctors call:
- violations in the production of platelets - in case of violations in the bone marrow, the blood composition is disturbed, and platelets can either be produced in insufficient quantities or die prematurely, continuing to be produced according to the natural rhythm,
- radioactive damage
- excessive alcohol consumption - under the influence of toxic substances contained in alcoholic beverages, there is a violation in the circulation of platelets in the blood: they settle in the spleen, without leading to a significant increase in it, and do not enter the required amount into the blood circulating through vessels and veins,
- genetic disorders in the processes of hematopoiesis,
- transfer of severe infectious diseases,
- the use of a number of drugs
- eating too much blood-thinning foods,
- heavy blood loss,
- passage of hemodialysis.
Thus, there can be a lot of reasons for the development of a condition with a reduced platelet volume in the blood.
What can cause a decrease in platelet count
Reducing the platelet count in the blood is not at all a harmless state and can lead to serious consequences, and sometimes, in the absence of urgent medical care, and to death. Platelet deficiency complications include:
- internal bleeding
- acute cerebral hemorrhage,
- retinal hemorrhages even with a slight increase in blood pressure,
- heavy blood loss even with not very severe injuries.
Leaving this condition without treatment is unacceptable. It is required to start therapy immediately after the detection of this pathology.
Medications used to increase platelet levels in the blood
Today, various medications come to the aid of patients. Most often, the following drugs are prescribed for the treatment of pathology:
- prednisolone - this hormonal drug is prescribed if you need to increase platelet count after undergoing a course of chemotherapy,
- etamsylate - the drug increases blood coagulability by activating the release of platelets from the spleen, which is the storage of these cells in the body,
- Sodecor - this herbal medicine helps to normalize the process of blood formation,
- Vikasol - this drug is prescribed for complex treatment of the disease to prevent the development of internal bleeding,
- thrombopoietin - the drug is very powerful and stimulates the active production of platelets by the bone marrow in an extremely short time.
All medicines must be prescribed by a doctor. In no case should you allow the unauthorized use of medications, as this creates a risk of developing dangerous consequences of improper treatment.
How to protect yourself from a blood disease?
Platelets are blood cells that are responsible for its natural coagulation, i.e. coagulability. They begin to “work” when we injure the skin and soft tissues.
- Their main function is to stop bleeding in an open wound.
- Those who suffer from thrombocytopenia are prone to bleeding, and sometimes acquire chronic bleeding disorders.
First of all, when it comes to appropriate medicines, you should consult with your doctor and choose the optimal treatment regimen. Self-activity in this sense is dangerous to your health, like any other variant of self-medication.
However, you can try to independently increase the level of platelets with the help of folk remedies and nutrition correction. But in general, even these “soft” versions of self-medication should take place under the close supervision of a doctor.
It is important not to overdo it in this matter: you must understand that you can increase platelets excessively, which will also entail certain problems with hemodynamics. Excessive blood density is no less dangerous than poor coagulation.
People with an excess of platelets experience vascular occlusion and other potentially dangerous pathologies of the circulatory system. Therefore, if you are taking on the use of certain pharmacy drugs, be sure to check with your doctor for the schedule, duration, frequency and dosage of the dose that is optimal for your case.
A phenomenon such as a decrease in platelets may not be a separate pathology, but a physiological problem, a side effect of a condition.
For example, in women, thrombocytopenia is often observed during gestation.
Also, this condition is characteristic of those who are undergoing chemotherapy, are treated with a certain type of medication, and even have a food allergy.
Do you know how your platelets work specifically? Imagine an example: you cut your hand while cooking dinner.
Grouped red blood cells quickly went into a “broken” vessel, so your blood stopped and a dense protective crust formed on the wound. This is the effect of platelets, the most that is not obvious to a simple layman.
On average, platelets “live” up to 10 days, after which the process of updating them occurs. For a healthy adult, the normal concentration of blood cells is 150-400 thousand per 1 microliter of blood.
To understand how “rich” your blood red blood cells is, you must pass an appropriate analysis. Alas, without it, even a qualified specialist will not be able to diagnose thrombocytopenia.
Deciphering the results of the analysis can be clear to you. For example, if the platelet count indicated in it is 150, it means that there are 150,000 platelets in the microliter of your blood, and accordingly, you are at the lower threshold of the norm in terms of natural coagulative ability.
A decrease in platelet count in the blood can be associated with fundamentally different factors, and you should quickly understand what exactly became the provoking factor for the development of thrombocytopenia in your case:
- Very often, the cause of this pathology is serious disorders of the immune system,
- It can also be leukemia, in which red blood cells simply are not produced in the bone marrow in sufficient quantities,
- Another option for the cause of the problem is a course of chemotherapy. Как известно, столь агрессивное лечение разрушает не только метастазы и раковые клетки, но и природные «составляющие» нашего организма, включая форменные элементы крови,
- During pregnancy, platelets can decrease due to the enormous load on organs and systems.
The clinical picture of this pathology cannot be called sharply specific: the manifestations of the disease can be confused with anything.
However, you must know about them in order to inform the doctor in time about the presence of disturbing signs of a violation.
Symptoms of thrombocytopenia include:
- Tendency to internal hemorrhage,
- General fatigue, apathy, decreased performance,
- The constant formation of hematomas and bruises on the skin without objective reasons
- Prolonged bleeding due to mechanical injury of soft tissues,
- Bleeding of the mucous membranes and gums,
- Frequently recurring nosebleeds,
- The presence of flat red spots on the skin of the legs and feet (their size usually does not exceed the diameter of the pin head),
- Bloody inclusions in feces and urine (in especially severe cases).
As you understand, almost all of the listed symptoms can indicate other pathologies in the body, and therefore you will have to undergo an adequate diagnosis before proceeding with the appropriate treatment.
If you have such symptoms, and you already imagine the cause-effect relationships of thrombocytopenia in your case, be sure to consult a therapist and voice your suspicions. The doctor will prescribe you additional tests, during which the exact cause of the changes in your body will be found out.
Try to collaborate with your doctor. Typically, restoring a normal platelet count takes time. Especially if pregnancy became the reason for the decrease in their level - in this case it becomes dangerous to take certain drugs. Ask a specialist what folk remedies can help you cope with your problem.
Follow the diet that you are recommended. Adjust your lifestyle and minimize the harmful effects on the body and blood. For example, you should limit yourself to drinking alcohol and smoking.
How can you quickly increase platelets in the blood? First of all, it is worth doing adjusting your diet and lifestyle.
Take enough vitamins.
If necessary, drink special multivitamin complexes prescribed by your doctor.
Among your “favorites” should be:
- Vitamin K, normalizing the process of blood formation and blood coagulation, as well as having a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. It helps to quickly “raise” platelets in the blood, but they should not get too carried away: it is advisable to consume only foods enriched with it,
- Folic acid, which is not without reason prescribed to all planning and pregnant women. It plays a crucial role in the proliferation of cells, updating and restoring them. Its low amount in the body can lead to thrombocytopenia,
- Omega-3 and Omega-9 polyunsaturated fatty acids with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties.
Lean on the following foods:
- Cabbage (white + sea),
- Chicken or quail eggs
- Beef or veal liver
- Whole grain cereals
- Citrus fruits (oranges),
- Fish (sea and river, preferably oily),
- Linseed oil.
You should stop drinking alcohol. And it’s not at all because it is the “gold standard” of a healthy lifestyle, and it is customary to recommend it to everyone. The fact is that alcohol abuse leads to bone marrow dysfunctions.
Increased Platelet Count During Pregnancy
During pregnancy, the number of shaped elements may decrease. This trend is well seen in the third trimester, when the blood volume increases. Moreover, their number may vary during the day. Relatively normal during this period is considered an indicator of 140 × 10 9 per liter. A lower content can provoke:
- hormonal disruptions
- the worst thing is fetal death.
With a low platelet content in the blood, bleeding of the gums, the appearance of unprovoked hematomas on the body are possible.
You can increase platelets in the blood during pregnancy without the use of any medication. If their number has decreased quite strongly, doctors prescribe a platelet transfusion.
In this case, blood, saturated with uniform elements, not only increases their number, but also contributes to further development. The diet of pregnant women should be dominated by foods enriched with vitamin "C", meat, fish, beets, citrus fruits. A rosehip broth is very useful.
Special nutrition to increase platelet count
To increase platelets in the blood, the doctor may prescribe a special diet. Foods rich in ascorbic acid, iron, folic acid must be included in the patient’s diet:
- tomatoes, onions, cabbage of different types,
- spinach, potatoes, buckwheat,
- cucumbers, peas, spinach, lentils,
- Brewer's yeast.
The menu is designed so that it includes a maximum of useful products. From the menu should be excluded products that promote blood thinning - cocoa, pomegranates, ginger, artichoke, garlic, figs.
Possible effects of low platelet count
With a reduced content of shaped elements, various pathological conditions can be diagnosed, which, if measures are not taken in a timely manner, can lead to irreversible consequences. The most common consequences, which lead to a lack of blood platelets, include:
- internal bleeding
- large blood loss and minor wounds,
- cerebral hemorrhage,
- retinal deformity.
At the slightest suspicion of a lack of platelets, you must immediately consult a doctor, undergo a comprehensive examination and begin treatment, strictly following all the instructions.
And it is he who, as you know, synthesizes red blood cells.
Therefore, if you decide to deal with an increase in the number of platelets in your blood, you should drastically reduce the consumption of alcoholic beverages, or abandon them altogether.
Gluten is another “enemy” of your body, especially if you suffer from hypersensitivity to it. Such reactions cause autoimmune disorders - celiac disease and enteropathy, which negatively affect the volume and production of blood cells.
Go through a special study, and if during it it is revealed hypersensitivity to gluten, you will have to completely eliminate the appropriate food from your diet.
Pay attention to the need for basic physical activity in your case. It is not at all necessary to enroll in a gym and start practicing at a professional level. Walking or jogging, as well as daily home exercises, will be quite enough for you.
Be sure to regulate sleep and rest. You should sleep at least 7-8 hours a day, and it is better to go to bed before midnight. Take care of yourself, communicate with your doctor and be healthy!
A low platelet count can greatly harm a person’s health, because such a condition is dangerous due to severe bleeding, which is why you need to know how to increase platelets in the blood.
In addition to serious complications, low platelet counts can lead to frequent bruising or bruising.
Causes of Low Platelet Count
Platelets are cells in human blood. They have no color and are intended to cause a blood clot to form during rupture of blood vessels, in other words, a blood clot that clogs the site of damage.
Thus, the closure of the breakthrough occurs, and the bleeding stops. In other words, platelets contribute to normal blood coagulation, preventing major bleeding.
There are medical platelet counts in the blood. In a healthy adult, 180-320 * 109 platelet cells should be contained in a liter of blood.
If the number of cells is lower, then you need to think about how to increase the level of platelets in the blood.
Situations when you need to increase the number of platelets include some natural conditions.
For example, in women, the number of cells decreases during menorrhea, that is, menstruation. This is due to normal bleeding during menstruation.
Platelet counts often fall due to pregnancy.
The amount of blood circulating in the body of a woman increases for the bearing of the fetus, and the concentration of platelet cells decreases.
Platelet count may also decrease due to the use of certain medications that contribute to blood thinning.
This process is associated with antithrombotic therapy; aspirin and antibiotics can contribute to low cell concentrations.
In addition, how to raise platelets should be known to patients with cancer. Chemotherapy prescribed for various types of tumors, helps to suppress the formation of platelet cells.
If these situations do not apply to you, then you need to think about how to increase the number of platelets in the blood in case of frequent appearance of hematomas on the body that are not related to injury.
For example, a person may see a bruise on his body that was left in tight clothing or a light blow to furniture.
The long healing process of abrasions and wounds, which again begin to bleed even after a few days after the damage, is also an alarming signal.
Severe bleeding, prolonged and ongoing, especially after minor injuries, also indicates a low number of cells in the blood.
The described conditions are an occasion to increase the level of platelets in the blood. Increasing the number of cells is necessary in order to avoid serious health problems associated with poor blood coagulation.
An increase in platelet count will reduce the risk of severe bleeding.
Effective blood correction methods
No one can feel completely protected from minor personal injuries. After all, to avoid abrasions, cuts and scratches is impossible. And a tiny wound may not heal and bleed for a long time.
This is the first signal that you need to see a doctor for testing. Most likely, the patient's blood coagulation is impaired. And only a serious laboratory and instrumental study will reveal pathological changes in the human body and