Film critic - A person who specializes in creating reviews and video reviews of films. He watches films, analyzes them, and then writes a comprehensive review, recommending or criticizing the film. The profession is suitable for those who are interested in world art culture (see the choice of a profession for interest in school subjects).
Who is a critic?
Critics are specialists who analyze, evaluate and provide detailed feedback on a cultural phenomenon. Basically, they are representatives of periodicals in which they have their own column for writing reviews. In other words, a critic is a person who has knowledge in a certain field of culture, is able to give an adequate assessment to the creator and to determine genius or mediocrity.
The first mention of people who appreciated theatrical performances and actors appeared in ancient Greece. This role was mainly played by thinkers, public figures and politicians, whose opinions were of great importance in society. However, this was not their main area of activity. Selection the work of critics in a separate profession occurred in the first half of the 19th century. At that time, their attention was turned to theater and literature, but over time, activities spanned other areas.
Professional activities require critics to have deep knowledge in a particular field. Along with cultural figures, they are familiar with all historical realities, features and subtleties of a given area of culture. Their assessment is based not only on modern trends - they take into account absolutely all the nuances: the influence of the change of eras on the activities of the current generation of masters, the work of great artists of past years and much more.
High requirements for knowledge, as well as the level of responsibility, make it impossible for a critic to work simultaneously in all directions. Therefore, in this profession there are several narrow specializations:
- Literary critic. The main area of activity is works of fiction.
- Film critic works in the field of cinematography, attends premieres of films and compiles reviews on them.
- The theater critic evaluates the performances: the skill of actors, directors, screenwriters and other participants in the production.
- A music critic focuses on the modern world of music: all kinds of concerts, performances of singers, ensembles and more.
- An art critic is an expert in the field of art, who understands painting no worse than the artist himself.
- Culinary critic is a specialization that has been highlighted relatively recently. The specialist pays attention to everything related to the world of culinary and restaurant business.
- Critic of computer games. The emergence of specialization is due to increased public demand for video games, which are very popular in the modern world. Here, the critics' assessment is also based on many parameters: the quality of visualization and sound, the presence of fascinating elements, uniqueness, and more.
Depending on specialization, in critic duties includes visiting exhibitions, restaurants, premieres of films and performances, reading new novels, after which he makes an analysis, conducts his own little research and draws up a review, which is published in a newspaper, his own blog or a specialized publication.
The main duty of any critic is to highlight the subject of judgment, its advantages and disadvantages in order to form public opinion and provide recommendations to the author of the idea.
What personal qualities should a critic have?
Objectivity is the basic rule of professional criticism. Therefore, for the quality of performance of their duties, criticism must be, first of all, an honest person who in his judgments will not be guided by a subjective attitude to the author, but will give an impartial assessment of his work.
Since not everyone can perceive negative statements addressed adequately, people in this profession should have a sense of tact and carefully think through their reviews before they are published.
Critics (reviewers) must thoroughly understand the chosen specialization, therefore, a good memory is a must, which will allow them to store large volumes of necessary knowledge. Based on their experience and knowledge, they regularly have to reasonably uphold their own point of view, and prove the correctness of their judgments, which requires perseverance, courage and justice.
The presence of taste, imaginative thinking and attention to detail will be useful in this activity as well as memory. It is these qualities that distinguish a simple layman from a professional. Thanks to these qualities, the critic will be able not only to look at the author’s works through the prism of centuries, but also to feel his vision of the world.
Benefits of the Profession of a Critic
A critic is a vocation job. Only people who have a penchant for this profession can appreciate all the charms of their work. Many of the advantages highlight the ability to freely express their own opinions. Others like public recognition and popularity, which can be gained if you speak boldly and truthfully about an event.
In addition to universal acclaim, a reputed critic may:
- rely on cooperation with well-known publications,
- work on television or develop your own web resources, with essays on selected topics.
Along with the rise in popularity, various offers with interview requests, which are well paid, are beginning to come in. Level revenue critic also depends on his recognition by the general public and the specifics of his work. For example, if the activity of the reviewer is related to the sphere of show business or he collaborates with popular publishers, then his fees can significantly exceed the average salary. The most striking representative of this profession today can be called Sergei Sosedov.
Disadvantages of the profession of critic
The negative component of the profession is due to the fact that novice specialists have to work their way to the pinnacle of success on their own. An unknown critic is not in demand, he does not have access to all the charms associated with material well-being, so not everyone can go the whole career path.
Often in professional activities, the critic is faced with discontent and hostility from creative people, whose work he spoke out negatively. For this reason, a scandal may break out around the critic’s statements, or he will become an unwanted guest at some events. In some cases, the reviewer may suffer material loss due to the aggressively disposed objects of his unflattering reviews, which filed a lawsuit in court with a claim for compensation for moral damage.
Where can I get a profession as a critic?
Ability to writing reviews - that which cannot be learned by passing special training. Maybe that is why today in the universities there is no separate specialty in the direction of “critic”.
However, people in this profession are in dire need of a knowledge base that will cover the scope of their activities. And the higher education received in humanitarian and creative universities at the faculties of theory and history of art, fully provides them with this knowledge. That is, basically, critics are people with an education in the field of culture or journalism, which complements their talent.
The best universities with training in these areas include:
- Moscow Institute of Television and Radio Broadcasting "Ostankino",
- Altai State Academy of Culture and arts
- Dagestan Institute of Applied Arts and Design,
- Literary Institute. A.M. Gorky,
- St. Petersburg State University of Cinema and Television.
Most often, critics create objective reviews, but well-known representatives of the profession may be invited to participate in an advertising campaign. In this case, the critic creates positive or negative reviews in order to increase the interest of the target audience in a particular film.
Critics publish their reviews in the media, in their own text and video blogs, making a profit. The closest profession is a film expert, but this specialist examines the topic of cinema art more deeply, can teach at universities, work on stage.
Everyone can work in this area, but mainly people who have a deep knowledge of cinema art, are distinguished by aesthetic taste, competent speech, curiosity and excellent memory become mainly film critics.
The work of this creative person consists of several stages:
- choosing the right film for the material,
- viewing films, acquaintance with biographies of actors and a film crew,
- preparing a review or review plan,
- writing a review. Some critics shoot videos for 1-2 weeks, for which they first need to prepare a script,
- during the creation of any of the above reviews, the critic uses his knowledge of the history of cinema, directorial techniques, acting and others,
- publication of reviews in digital or real media, placement of the mounted video.
The specialist must honestly evaluate the film, supplementing the reviews with arguments and examples. The work of critics is not easy, because their opinion has a huge impact on viewers. For example, a negative review of a film created by a famous critic can lead to a breakdown in movie rental. The critic should be able to choose a “hot” topic, see inconsistencies in the film, point out to the film crew errors in the script, improperly selected plans for shooting, etc.
The specialist can work remotely, posting the prepared material on independent blogs or on the websites of video hosting companies. If the material will appeal to readers and other connoisseurs of cinema, then film criticism expects success. Real professionals are invited to speak on TV and radio, offer them to participate in various advertising and creative projects.
Honesty is the main quality that should prevail in the character of a professional film critic. The remaining character traits necessary for criticism are given below:
- sense of justice.
During work, this person is led by a desire to point out the mistakes of others, so he should be distinguished by perseverance, pedantry and a good memory.